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    vwin德赢EVO视讯【landerlube.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。平凉本瓮工作室(原陕西傩值企业管理有限公司)成立于1997年,占地面积16937平方米,澳门阳城PTSKY豪华大蓝其中生产厂房占地5901平方米,仓库面积占地5999平方米。固定资产4524万元,流动资产5404万元,干部职工共801人,工程技术人员60人。vwin德赢EVO视讯ByLinZeyan,LiuLihui,LiChunmiaoTianXiu,,2007Inthemid-andlate1990s,abatchofextremelylargecentralenterprises(groups),whichmeanttheperformingassetswithhighgrowthpotentialswerelistedonthestockmarketsandthenonperformingassetsandredundantp"toleaveworkpostandrestathome".Article9oftheRegulationsonthePlacementoftheRedundantPersonneloftheState-OwnedEnterprisespromulgatedbytheStateCouncilin1993provides:"Withpersonalapplicationandcorporateemployersapproval,theworkerswhohavelessthanfiveyearsl,theenterprisespaylivingallowancestothem."Therefore,earlyretirementwasaformoflabormanagementusedbytedundantcorporatepersonnel,,thepracticetostripoffthenonperformingassetsandredundantpersonnelandgettheperformingassetslistedonthestockmarketsfailedtofundamen,itwasastopgapmeasureto"shelfthepersonnelissue".Currently,theissueofearly-retiredpersonnelinsomeextremelylargece,mostofthenon-listedenterprisesareunabletooperatenormallyandar,ifthepubliclylistedcompaniesarerequestedtoraisefundsthroughthestockmarketsandusetheirbusinessrevenuetoback-feedthenon-listedcompanies,icultpositionandhowtopreventtheissueofearly-retiredpersonnelfrombecomingaggravatedisamajorissuethatmustbepro,howtodealwhole,thepracticalproblemsconfrontingtheearly-retiredpersonnelofthestate-ownedenterprisescanbeclassifiedas"oneplenty,twolowsandthreehighs"."Oneplenty",ChinaMobilealonehasabout20,000early-retiredpersonnel."Twolows"meanstheearly-retiredpersonnelarenotedforlow-levelknowledgeandskillsandlow-levelincome."Threehighs"meansalargenumberoftheyoungandmiddle-agedearly-retiredpersonnelhavetofaceahighemploymentthreshold,,theearly-retiredpersonnelarethemostcomplicated,eof"earlyretired"personnelofthestate-ownedenterprises,mostplacesandunitshavestrictlycompliedwiththethreeconditionsspecifiedintheRegulationsonthePlacementoftheRedundantWorkersoftheState-OwnedEnterprisespromulgatedbytheStateCouncilandotherrelatedlaws,;theymustpresenttheirwrittenapplications;ageforearlyretirementtoapplyforearlyretirement,underthepretextsoftakinginfreshblood,boostingvitality,,theseplacesandunitsarbitrarilyarranged"earlyretirement""efficiencyboostingbystaffcutting"ersuadedtheworkerstoretireinadvance,luredorarbitrarilyforcedtheenterprisestoaccepttheearlyretirementtargets,andeveneasedthestate,theincomegapbetweentheearly-retiredpersonnelandtheworkersinactiveserviceofthelistedcompanieshasbee:theirincomesarelow,gidleathome,,utesforarbitr,theworkersofthestate-ownedenterprisesareclearlymorehostileandoftenresorttosomeirrationalwayssuchascomplainingtohigherauthoritiestovoicetheirgrievances,duetotheirideologicalconcept,policyunderstanding,(municipalities),theearly-retiredpersonnelhavelodgedfrequentgroupcomplaintstothelistedcompaniesortheregionalgovernmentsintheirprovincesoreventothecorpo,itwillhaveanunfavorabl,,thestate-ownedcorporategroupsdealwit,thenon-listedenterpriseshavetoassumetoomuchcorporateliabilitiesbutrecmpositionofsuchpersonnel,thenon-listedenterprisesfacetwomajorresourceconstraints:insufficientadministrativeandorganizationalresources;hugecapitalgapandgrosslymismatchingbetweenresources,ndinlightofthescientificapproachtowarddevelopmentandbuildingaharmonioussociety,therightoftheearly-retiredpersonneltosharethefruitofreformanddevelopmentmustberespectedThescientificapproachtowarddevelopm,ruleoflaw,fairness,justice,honesty,love,vitality,socialstabilityandharmoniouscoexistencebetweenmanandnature,priorityeffortsshouldbemadetosolvetheissuesthataremostrelevant,,problemsandtheircausesthathaveimpactsonsocialharmony,tomoreactivelyfaceandsolvethecontradictions,tominimizethefactorsdestabilizingharmony,ourseofreformanddevelopmentofthestate-ownedenterprises,theenterprisesmustworkhardtosolvetheirproblemsinkeepingwiththescientificapproachtodevelopmentandthebasicrequirementsofbuildingaharmonioussocietyandwithastrongsenseofresponsibility....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.(4)CPIhasrisenmoderatelyintheyearasth,%,,%%%%overthesameperiodoflastyearwhilethepurchasepricesofrawmaterials,%,,,thepricesofgasoline,%,%%,%,%%,thepricerisesofrawmaterialswillhavea,andthepricefluctuationhastendedtobeeasedup.(1)ThesupplyanddemandontheenergymarkethasbeenimprovedandthepricerisehascomedownFromJanuarytoOctober,(tce),%.,%,%%.;,thedemandforcoalin2006wasstrong,,%cityisaround80millionkw,,thedomesticconsumptionofcrudeoil,gasolineanddieseloilhadgrewmoreslowlythaninthefi,theinventoryofg,,,%.Withthedrasticfallofinternationaloilpricesinthesecondhalfoftheyear,,theex-fa,%inJuly....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------*Thisisthegeneralreporton"AnAnalysisoftheMarketSituationinChinain2006andtheForecastfor2007"bytheInstituteofMarketEconomy.。

    GaoShiji,ChenWeiZhangAn,Research,2005Thegovernment’spublicservicefunctionmustbestrengthenedifChinaistoimplementthescientificconceptofdevelopment,achieveaco,"Itisimperativetopromotethegovernment’sadministrationaccordingtolaw,expeditethechangeoffunctions,deepenthereformoftheadministrativesystem,trulyseparategovernmentfunctionsfromenterprisemanagement,separategovernmentfunctionsfromstateassetsmanagementandseparategovernmentestablishmentsfrompublicinstitutions,mainlyuseeconomicandlegaltoolstomanageeconomicactivitiesandmobilizeallforcestoimproveeconomicregulation,marketsupervision,socialmanagementandpublicservices."Howtomobilizevariousresourcesandprovidepublicserviceseffectivelyindiverseformsandhowtoestablishaneffectivemanagementsystemwhileintroducingcompetitionmechanismstoensurethefairness,qualityandefficiencyofpublicserviceprovisionrepresentchallengestothePartyandgovernmentintheareasofgovernmentadministrationconcept,oanytypeofservicesthatareprovidedtothepublicandhavethefollowingcharacteristics:publicservicesrefertothesocialserviceundertakings,suchasscienceandtechnology,education,culture,medicalcareandsports,whicharetraditionallyprovidedbythepublicinstitutionsinChinaan,thereexistspotentialandseriousmarketmalfunction(interpretedbroadlyasthecauseofequityandefficiency).,fundingandregulation(GroutStevens,2003).Asthereexistproblemssuchasincompletecompetition,asymmetricalinformation,externalityandsocialinequity,itisim,thegovernmicservices,p,traditionalpublicservicessuchaselementaryed,Franceandothercountries,basicmedicalservices,theNetherlandsandothercountries,,commercialinsuranceinstitutionsandindividualstoprovidefundsfor,thegovernmentregulatoryinstitutions,industries’self-disciplinaryorganizationsandconsumerrightsprotectionorganizationsalsofiscalresponsibilityofthegovernmentinprovidingelementaryeducation,publichealth,,aneffectivepublicauditsystemisind,aintothetraditional,andsupplierandintroduceothernonprofit-makingandprofit-makinginstitutionssoastorealizeaneffectiveallocationofresourcesatorysystemandstrengthenthegovernment’"usepublicpowerstomakeandimplementrulesandstandards"soastointerveneintheeconomicandsocialactivitiesofvariousactors,includingtheeconomiccontentsofproductsandservicessuchasprice,quality,entryandexitandthesocialcontentsofproductsandservicessuchassafety,health,hygieneandenvironmentalprotection(Breyer,1982;Hood,etal,1999).Regulationisanimportanttooltoovercomenaturalmonopoly,informationasymmetry,"orderandcontrol"modeofthetraditionaladministrativesystem,the,,governmentrolesinensuringeffectivemarketoperationandharmonioussocialdevelopmesalsoaprocessinwhichthegovernment’(Moran,2002;GlaserShleifer,2003).Publicserviceregulationreferstothefactthatthegovernmentemployspublicpowerstomakeandimplementrulesandstandardstocontroltheindependent-operatingpublicserviceinstitutions(insideoroutsidegovernment),publicserviceregulationcanbedividedintoregulationinsidegovernmentorregulationwithingovernmentandregulationofbusiness.ByZhangJunkuo,HouYongzhiXuanXiaowei,Departm,2006TheurbanandruralresidentsinChinahaveseenth~2005period,theincomeoftheurbanresidentsincreasedfrom343yuanto10,493yuan,whilethatoftheruralresidentswentupfrom134yuanto3,,theincomegapsbetweentheurbanandruralresidents,betweendifferentruralregionsandbetweendifferentgroupsoftheruralresidentshavewidened,’ssustained,,presentstateandfuturetrendoftheurban-ruralgapandtheintra-ruralgapisofvitalimportancetoformulatingunifiedstrategiesandpoliciesfordevelopingtheurbanandruralasisofanalyzingtheprese:thisgapha,thechangesintheincomegapbetweenChina’surbanandruralresidentsroughlyexperiencedfiveperiods(chart1).(1)Thegapwascontinuouslynarrowingfromtheearlyyearsofthereformtothemid-1980s.(2)Thegapwasconstantlywideningfromthemid-1980stotheearly1990s.(3)Thegaprapidlynarrowedinthemid-1990s.(4)Thegapwascontinuouslywideningfromthemid-1990stothefirstthreeyearsofthe21stcentury.(5),,theratioofthepercapitadisposableincomeof,%higherthanin1978.10-200米ByZhangWenkui,,nterprises(SOEs)In2005,theindustrialaddedvalueofstate-ownedandstateholdingenterprisesreachedRMB2,,accountingfor39%ofthatofthecountryionandAdministrationCommissionoftheStateCouncil1(SASAC),in2005,169centralenterprisesrealizedasalesincomeofabout6,730billionyuan,,%,%%ofthetotalforthecountry,especiallycentralenterprises,h,attheendof2004,therewere731,000scientificworkersincentralenterprises,%ofthecountrystotal;6146nationallevelscientificprofessionals,%ofthecountrystotal;179academiciansfromtheChineseAcademyofSciencesandtheChineseAcademyofEngineering,%lvedindifferenttradessuchasmilitaryindustry,petroleumandpetrochemicalindustry,steel,nonferrousmetals,machinery,automobile,vessels,railtransportation,telecommunication,architecture,buildingmaterialsandmedicine,etc.,andmanyoftheseinstitutionsboasttheindustrylatedtointellectualpropertyandotherissuesofSOEsconductedbytheEnterpriseResearchInstituteoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilfromautumn2005tospring2006,%oftheenterprisesinterviewedhavetheirownRDcenters;%havebuilttheirmainproductsandprocessesonpatentedtechnologies,%ofwhicharedevelopedin-house;%,theinvestmentinscienti,increasingby218%over2002and76%,centralenterprisesappliedfor10,031patentsincluding4,462patentsforinvention,with4,948patentsgrantedincluding1,,22,enterprisesIngeneral,independentinnovationinSOEsisnotasactiveasinnon-state-ownedenterprises,althoughitseffortsoni,000Chineseen%oftheenterprisesincreasedtheirRDinvestmentcomparedwiththatofthepreviousyear,%oftheenterprisesreducedtheinvestmenttosomeextent,,non-state-ownedenterprisesregistereda48%year-on-yearincreaseintheRDinvestmentwhileSOEsregisteredonlya32%,itisobviousthatanon-state-ownedenterpriseincreasestheRDinvestmentmorethananSOE,%%ofthemsawadecrease,,,itisobviousthatanSOEismuchlessactiveinthedev,theproportionofaddedvalueofindustrialSOsalesincomeandnetprofithavebeensubstantiallyboostedyearo,theyhaveunderperformedintermsofRDinvestmentgrowthandnewproductlaunching,:centralenterprisesarelessactivethanlocalSOEsandprivateenterprisesintermsofindependentinnovationAcomparativeanalysisofindependentinnovationmadeonSOEsandnon-state-ownedente;ChinasautomobileindustryconsistsofcentralSOEs,localSOEs,,theautomobileindustryistechnology-intensive,especiallyinChinatheindus,theNationalStatisticsBureaureleasedthelistoftheTopTenLarge-and-Medium-SizedIndustriatputperformanceindexesineachindustry,suchasexpenditureofRD,quantityofpatentsforinventions,proportionofnewproductsalesincome,nstatusofenterprises,nkasfollows:CheryAutomobileCorporation,,ChinaFAWGroupCorporation,,,,ChongqingChangAnAutomobileCompanyLimited,,,ChinaFAWGroupCorporationisthefirstautomobileenterpriseofitskindfoundedinthe1950saswellasacentralSOEboastingalargenumberofinnovationresources;CheryAutomobileCorporationisalocalSOEestablishedattheendofthe1990s;;;,themostinfluentialandwell-es,,,anothercentralautomobileenterprisedidnotevenenterthetoptenlists....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:SpeechattheScientificandTechnologicalWorkingConferenceofCentralEnterprises(April2006).2SurveydataobtainedbytheEnterpriseR,DirectoroftheEnterpriseR:SpeechattheScientificandTechnologicalWorkingConferenceofCentralEnterprises(Aprilof2006).5"Theentrepreneursjudgment,AppraisalandSuggestiononMacroSituation,OperationEnvironmentandHotSpotofReform",InvestigationsystemofChineseentrepreneurs,ManagementWorld,Issue12,,ScienceandTechnologyStatisticsDepartmentoftheNationalStatisticsBureau.。

    888足球注册ByLiuShijin,,2007NeverbeforehasChinasener,Chinahasenteredandwillremainatthestageforquitealongperiodoftime,duringwhichtheconsumptionofresourcesincludingenergywill"climbup".Nomajoreconom,theshareoftheenergy-consumingheavyindustrywillrisebyafairlybigmarginandthe"structuralfactor"senergyconsumptionforperunitoutputhasbeenontherisewhi,theeffectof"super-largescale",,willsurpasstspercapitaenergyconsumptionisstillverylowwhencomparedwithinternationallevels,thetotalamountofenergyconsumptionhasfargonebeyondpeople,Chinahasmadesomeprogressinenergyconservationovertheyears,alandconceptualfactors,theprimarycauserestsmainlyonoursystems,,eventhoughtheyareinthesamei,whileChinaclaimstobeabigcountrywithrichresources,itspercapitalevelsinamajorityofignresources,butagrowingdependencyonforeignsupplyofsomeimportantresourcescannotbutcausepublicconcernsoverthecountrys"energysecurity".Forexample,C,resourceconstraintandespeciallyenergyconstraintareposingagravechallengetothesustainabilityofChina,wemusthaveacorrectapproachwhenobserving,,theso-called"resourceconstraint",a"resourceconstraint",senergystrategyandpoinoptimizingChinaoaloccupiesadominantpositioninthestructureofChinasenergysupply,an,withtheexploitablehydropowerresourcesaccountingforabout15%,Chinaspercapitapossessionofhydropowerresourcesisequivalenttoabout70%oftheworldaveragelevel,whichiswellaboveitsratiosforoilandnaturalgas(respectively11%%)andisclosetothatforcoal(79%).Chinare-investigateditshydropowerresourcesduringthe2001~thetheoreticalreserveofhydropowerresources,thetechnologicallyexploitablege,,Chinasratiobetweenthehydropowergeneratingcapac%,rankingaround80thplaceintheworldandstayingbelowtheworldaveragelevel(%).Itwasfarlowerthanthelevelofhydropowerresourcedevelopmentinthedevelopedcountries(50%~100%)andwasalsolowerthanthelevelsinBrazil,India,Vietnam,slagginghydropowerdevelopment,ersandcanprodundculturalsites,,irrationalplanning,designingandconstructionicalprotectionandonadoptingallmeasurestominimizetheu,weshouldalsoseethepositiveimpactsofhydropowerdevelopmentontheenvironmentandtheecology,forexample,inpreventingfloods,improvingthe,theconsiderablereturnsarisingfromhydropowerdevelopmentcanprovi"micro-environment","macro-environment"ofthewholenationaleconomy,hydropowerdevel,ressinhydropowercopowergeneratingcapacitycanaccountforarationalproportionofthetotalgeneratingcapacity,~,,,,missionofCO2,,coalconsumptionsavedbyhyd%.Sointhemicroeconomicsense,hydropowerdevelopmenthas,"cleaneffect"ofsubstitutingcoal-firedpowergeneration,hydropowershouldberegardedasacleanenergy....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ShiYaodong,,sautomarketAccordingtostatisticsmadebyChinaAssociationofAutomobileManufacturers,in2005,thenumberoftheautomobileswithindependentbrandsmanufacturedbyCBUjointventuresacrossChinaaccountedformorethanhalfofthetotalCBUoutput,ofwhichcarswithforeignbrandsmanufacturedbyjointventuresmadeup72%(accountingfor53%orsoofallautomarkets)withthebestperformance,productsofforeignbr,productsmanufacturedbyChinese-fundedcarmanufacturingenterprisesrepresentedbyChery,GeelyandBrilliancepossessedamarketshareoflessthan30%.Althoughin2006,suchcarmanufacturingenterpriseswithindependentChinesebrandslikeCheryandGeelygrewrapidly,withCheryandGeelybothrankingamongthetoptenChinesecarmanufacturers,thestatisticsshowthatthemarketoccupancyofcarswithindependentChinesebrandsyetdropped2percentagepointsto26%.TheChinese-fundedenterprisesfounditstilldifficulttoreplacetheabsolutepredominanceofjointventuresoncarmarket.Withregardtoautosparepartsmarket,duringthepasttenyears,morethan70%oftheteded500inChinaandalmostallworld-famousautosparepartsenterpris,3RDcenters,6jointventuresand6marketingcompaniesinChina,withitsproductscoveringawidevarietyofareas,suchasEFI,ABS,,whichhasalreadyappliedforbankruptcyintheUnitedStates,hasalsoinvestedandestablished14autosparepartsplantsinChina,withatotalinvestmente,DensoCorporationfulfilledatotalturnoverinChinaamointventuresSincemid-1980s,jointventureshaveroughlyundergonesev,aperiodof"technologytransplant".Duringthisperiod,theEuropeanandAmericantransnationalautocorporationsrepres,thejoin(mainlyfromtheirforeignparentcompanies)andintheformofCKDandSKD,t,althoughthemainstreamproductsmanufacturedbythejointventuresdidnotcarrythethenworldadvancedautomobilesandtechnologies,theyoccupiedaleadingpositionforquitealongtimeonChinasmarket,,duringthisperiod,the"turn-inkey"projectswereadoptedfortheconstructionofthejointventuresasawhole,withforeignpartiesprovidingcompletesetsoftechnologies,technologicalprocess,nterpriseswereonlyinvolvedinsupplyofsupportingtechnologies,equipmentdebugging,technicalmanagementandqualitycontrolinthecourseofproductionaswellasthenationalizedproductionofnon-coreparts,ratherthanindependentresearchanddevelopmentactivitiesinapracticalsensewhichcouldgenuinelyembody,therelationshipbetweentheChineseandtheforeignpartieswasthepracticeof"passingonexperience,givinghelpandsettinganexampleintrainingnewhands"ledbytheforeignparties,namely,asmallnumberofforeigntechniciansprovi,aperiodof"adaptivedevelopment".Duringthisperiod,transnationalcorporationsrepresentedbyGeneralMotorssetupindependentRDinstitutionsorengineeringandtechnicalcenters(ShanghaiAutomotiveIndustryCorporation(Group)andtheGeneralMotorsjointlyfoundedthePan-AsiaTechnicalResearchCenterin1997)oneaftera,duringthisperiodproductsmanufacturedbyjointventuresgraduallycameuptothestandardoftheforeignmarkets,andtheintroducedmodelsandtechnologieswerealreadythematuremid-lengineeringandtechnologycenters,butalsobegantocarryoutaseriesofa,ShanghaiPanAsiaTechnicalAutomotiveCenterCo.,"Sail"andBuick"Regal",andcompletedthedesigningofthetwotypesofconceptcars,,duringthesecondstage,alargenumberofChinesetechniciangroupsgottrainedinthecourseofdigestingandabsorbingimportedtechnologiesandinprojectdevelopment;learnedaboutandgotfamiliarizedwiththeprocessofautomobiledevelopmentandexperienceinmanagement,andinitiallyformedtheindependenttechnicalcompetencepartakingofproductdefinition-engineeringdesigning-engineeringverification-productmaking-post-marketservice;graduallyformedtheuniqueadvantagesofthejointventuresandg,theSino-foreignpartnershipwasstillanunsymmetricalandunbalancedpartnershipandtheforeignpartnersstilloccupiedtheinresearchanddevelopmentorientation,CBUandplatformdesigning,designingofresearchanddevelopmentprocess,database,softwaredevelopment,certificationofnationalizedproduction,platformdesigninganddesigningofcoreparts,whiletheChinesesidemainlycontributedtotheadaptivedevelopmentthatwascloselylinkedwiththedigestionandabsorptionoftheimportedtechnologiesandthenationalizedproduction,suchasthepartialautorefitmentandtheadjustmentofinnerdecoration,yetnotinapositiontoindependentlydevelopCBUautomobiles,,thetechnologiesneededbythejointventuresstilldependedmuchonforeignsuppliesandthejointventuresdidnotcompletelymeltintotheglobalinnovationsystemofthetransnationalconandindistributionofinterestsandbothsidesenjoyedunequalrightstospeak.WuJinglian"Macrocontrol"andopening-upbegan,whenevergrowthwasaccelerated,itwouldsoonslnsivewayofeconomicgrowthtosteadilyrealizethegoalofindustrializationandmodernizationAtpresent,,weshouldthinkcoollyandseriouslyaboutsolvingthepro"NewPathtoIndustrialization"Sincethe16thPartyCongress,theCentralPartyCommitteehasrepeatedlyemphasizedthatChinashouldtakea"newpathtoindustrialization".Butuntilnow,thecadresandpeopl"New"isagainst"old".Theoldpathtoindustrializationreferstotheonetakenbytheadvancedustrializedcountriesduringctthatthegrowthwasnotrealizedthroughtheinputofcapitalorotherresources,butbytheaccumulationandriseintheefficiencyofhumancapital(humanknowledgeandtalent).Accordingtotheresearchofmanyeconomistssincethe1950s,theriseofefficiencypropellingmoderneconomicgrowthismainlyduetothreereasons:First,theextensiveapplicationof"science-basedtechnologies".Beforethat,technologiiencesandhedidapplysometheoriesofthermo-dynamicsinimprovinghissteamengine,novationhasinspiredtheenthusiasmofhigh-qualitytalentandenterprisesinapplyingnewtechnologiesafterthesecondindustrialrevolution,newtechniques,newmaterials,newenergyandnewproductshavebeencreatedandwidelyused,,centurywasnotindustry,orheavyindustry,,especiallytheproductiveservicetrade,engagedinthepre-production,mireducingcosts,,theindustrializationinthelatterperiodwasalsocalled"servicetrade-industrialization".Third,theapplicationofmoderninformationtechnologyhaseantagesoflatedevelopmentandraisetheirefficiencybyusingthistechnologyundereconomicallyreasonableconditionsto"bringalongindustrializationwithinformationization."rizedby"HeavyIndustrialization"anditsAdverseConsequencesAftertheFirstFive-YearPlan,ChinafollowedthetraditionalpathtoindustrializationoftheSovietUnion,aimingatcatchingupandsurpassingtheWesterncountriesinindustrialandagri,theCentralPartyCommitteerepeatedlystressedth,,inadditiontoinadequateunderstanding,thesystemsandpoliciesrelatedtothetraditionalpathtoindustrializationandeconomicgrowthmode,whichinclude:First,thegovernmentsandofficialsatvariouslevelsstillholdthepowerofresourceallocation,whichgoagainsttheprincipleofthesocialistmarketeconomy,suchasth,the"eightindexesheadedbytotaloutput"usedduringtheplannedeconomyisstillappliedincadres’appraisal,economicdevelopmentlevelratingandassessmentofofficials’,thefinancialandtaxationsystemwiththeproductivevalueaddedtaxesasthemaintaxitem,underwhichthecentralgovernmentandlocalgovernmentssharethefinancialrevenue,isstillencouragingthegovernmentstoprioritizet,thelow-pricepolicyandfreeallocationsystemforproductionelementssuchasnaturalresources,capital,laborandforeignexchangeswhichwereaimedatdevelopingresource-,thecountryislikelyto(2001-2005),Chinakingb(themarketorthegovernment)willadjustthestructure,how(throughmarketpricechangesoradministrativedecrees)theadjustmentismade,,manygovernmentofficialsregardindustrialstructureoptimizationasdevel"heavy-industrialized"industrialmix,creatingaseriesofnegativeconsequences.vwin德赢EVO视讯重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,XiaoJunyan,,2005TherehasbeenmuchdiscussionaboutthegoalsofthereformoftheAgriculturalDevelopmentBankofChina(ADBC).Thegoalscouldbeapproximatelysummarizedasfollows:firstly,keepingthecurrentorganizationofthebank,adjustingitsfunctionsandexpandingitsbusinessscopefromthecurrentsupportoncirculationofgrainandcottontootherfields;secondly,mergingwiththegrass-rootsagenciesoftheAgriculturalBankofChinaandtheRuralCreditCooperativetoestablisha"RuralRegionalDevelopmentBank";thirdly,mergingwiththeNationalDevelopmentBankortheAgriculturalBankofChina;fourthly,transferringthebusinessofgrain,cottonandedibleoiltotheotherpolicybanksandturningitintoadevelopmentbankfortheunder-developedregions;fifthly,transferringthebusinessofgrain,cottonandedibleoiltotheotherpolicybanksandsettinguparuralcreditguaranteebam,theAgriculturalDevelopmentBankhasgraduallygoneintoadilemma:themarketizationofgraincirculationhasbeenspedup;thepolicy-basedpurchaseofgrainandstoragehasbeenshrunk;therehasbeenahugesuspenseaccountduetodeficitaccumulatedinthepastyearsandmisappropriatedfunds;asthebusinessofADBChasdwindled,anditspositionasapolicybankhasbeenlowered,,themainproblemsofADBCare:"statebankfortheprocurementofgrain,cottonandedibleoil",ADBC[1]isresponsibleforguaranteeingthesafetyofloans,,peoplefromoutside(includingthemacrocontroldecision-makers)’sstatisticsshowthatbytheendof2001,th,thegrainpurchaseandreservepolicyhasseentwistsandturns,,anagement,,(thefiscalyearforgrainsectorisApriltoMarchofthefollowingyear),’,which,;theother80billionyuanofmisappropriatedfundswasaresultofADBC’sviolationoftheStateCouncilregulations,grantingloansforgrain-tradingfirmstobuycarsandotherconsumergoods,buildhouses,startsidelinebusinesses,,thebank’sbusinesssh,itsscopeofservicehasbeenverynarrow,onlycoveringtheprocurementofgrain,,grainandedibleoilmakeupmorethan80%whilecottononlyaccountsfor15%.,ADBCcanhardlypipwithinthegrainsectorInthepastdecade,thecentralgovernmenthasdemandedthatabalancebemaintainedbetweengrainsecurityandgrainsupplyanddemand,whichshouldbecoveredbya"provincialgovernorresponsibilitysystem".,whichhasadoptedasystemcenteredonadministrativeplanningandsupportedbyaguaranteeofmonopolizedoperationrightandfunds(loansandsubsidies).Thenagamerelationshiphasbeenformedbetweenthecentralgovernmentandtheothergrain-relatedinterestparties(localgovernments,state-ownedgraintradingsystemandthebank).Otheri:firstly,sufficientfundsmustbeofferedtotheimplementationofgrainprocurementandreserveplan,otherwiseyouarenotattachingenoughimportancetoagriculture,farmers’protectionandstabilityofthegrainmarket;secondly,localgovernments,,themoreloansandsubsidieswillbegrantedandthemoreimportantlocalgovernments,,andmoredeficitsandfundmisappropriationarelikelytooccur;thirdly,thecentralgovernmentcanonlyrelyonlocalgovernments,state-o"hungerforfunds".Pressuredbythismechanism,thecentralgovernmenthasincreasedloansandsubsidiesandadoptalaissez-faireattitudeovertheloopholesthathavecausedmajorlosses.ByHouYongzhiResearchReportNo191,2005StrengtheningtheconstructionofenergyandmajorrawmaterialsbasesandacceleratingthedevelopmentofcompetitivemanufacturingindustryisaninherentrequirementfortheriseofChina’allsignificanceofbuildingenergyandrawmaterialsbasesanddevelopingmanufacturingindustryinthecentralregioninthenewperiod,analyzefavorableconditionsandrestrictingfactors,andputforwardsomestrategicproposalsforbuildingenergyandra’sEntryintoaNewPeriodofEconomicDevelopmentandOpeningupHighlightstheStrategicandOverallSignificanceofBuildingEnergyandRawMa’sentryintoanewperiodofeconomicdevelopmentsetsnewrequirementsfordevelopingtheenergy,rawmaterialsandmanufacturingsectorsFirst,theupgradingofconsumerdeman,theadvanceinindustrializati,thedemandforintermediateinputswillcontinuouslyrise’sentryintoanewperiodofopeninguprequiresasubstantialchangeinthemodeofChineseeconomicgrowthandinthestructureofitseconomyFirst,thenewperiod,andwhetheritcanachiev,increasingChina’sindustrialcapacityforindependentinnovationandimprovingthecountry’spositioninthedivisionoflaboringlobalindustrialchainsshouldbecomeast,,Chinamustpus’sentryintoanewperiodofopeningupanddevelopmenthighlightsthestrategicandoverallimportanceofbuildingenergyandrawmaterialsbasesanddevelopingmanufacturingindustryinthecentralregionFirst,thecentralregionhasrichenergyandmineralresourcesandisboundtobecomeanimportantbaseforChina’,energyandrawmaterialsindustriesinthecentralregionarealreadyataconsiderablescaleandareboundtobe,themanufacturingindustryinthecentralregion,includingthehigh-techsegments,hasasolidbasisandisboundtobecomeanimportantterialBasesandforDevelopingManufacturingIndustry,ons,althoughthesituationisbetterthaninthewesternregionWecananalyzethisissuefromthefollowingthreeperspectives.(1)vidualsavingsabilitythantheircounterpartsintheeasternandnortheasternregions,,percapitapersonalsavingsinthecentralregionwas4,320yuan,farlowerthanthe10,583yuanintheeasternregionand8,,160yuaninthewesternregion.(2)nable,,,’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thetermsoftradeforChina’sindustrialandagriculturalpro,agriculturewillfinditmoreandmoredifficulttoaccumulatecapitalforindustrializationinthecentralregion.(3),thecentralasgoodasthatinthecoastalregionandbecauseregionalgovernmentsinthecentralregionhaveonlylimitedfiscalresourcesandfinditdifficonthanintheeasternregion,whilethatofhigh-qualifiedworkersislowerFromtheperspectiveofsupplyanddemand,thereisagreatersplefromthecentralregiontotheeasternregionaswellasinthefevelopedingeneralandcantrainupmoreunindforhigherwagesandbenefits,somethingwhichishighlyattractivenotonlytoChinesereturningfronanditswaterresourcesperunitareaoflandisthehighestinChinaInaclosedeconomy,land,mineralitiesimprove,theimportanceofmineralresourcesamon,giventhefactthatlandandwaterresourcesarehighlynon-tradable,theya,thecentralregionhasanadvantageouspositionwhencomparedwithotherthreemajorregionaleconomicblocs.ZhangQi,Re,2005Chinabecametheworld’’srapidec,theimpactofitsstrategiesfortradeandinvestmentdevelopmentandforregionalcooperationontheprocesch20and21,2005,ChineseandforeignparticipantsparticipatedinatopicdiscussiononChina’’sDevelopmentProvidesOpportunitiesfortheWorldEconomyForeignscholarsandentrepreneurs,representedbyProfessorJosephStiglitz,aNobelPrizewinnerineconomics,believethatChina’seconomicgrowthisconducivetogreaterprosperityandstabilitytotheworldeconomyandbringsgreaterbenefitsanddevelopment,t,China’sexportswillreach8,,,China’,China’sexportproductsstructurewillcontinuetoupgrade,frompredominantlylabor-,,China’,hercountriesincludingresource-exportingcountries,,China’sattractionofforeigncapitalhelpstransnationalcorporationstoshareChina’sdevelo,,China’sopeningtotheoutsideworldandparticipationininternationaldivisionoflaborpromoteschanggattractedbyChinaconstitutethelastlinkinglobalindustrialchains,,ithashelpedothercountriestomovetotheisChinaintegratesmoredeeplywiththeglobaleconomy,itseconomics,theparticipantsemph,asanemergingdevelopingcountry,China’smodeofeconomicdevelopmentanditsexperienceinpovertyreductionareofunparalleledsignificancetootherdevelopingcountriesinmeetingt,therapiddevelopmentoftheChineseeconomy,,hasgreatlyheightenedthestatusandexpatwiththeriseofitseconomicstatus,Chinawillconstantl,hesays,Chinashouldplayevengreaterrolesinimprovingthemultilateraltradesystemandinpushingforwardmultilateraltradeneg,ChinashouldhelpdevelopingcountriesseekmorepeacefulenvironmentsfordevelopmentinthecourseofglobalizationandhelppushforwardtheDohaRoundoftradetalkssothatitcouldmakesubstantialprogressasf’stradegrowthandtheindustrialdevelopmentinEastAsiaForeignscholarsnotethatbecauseofdeeperandmoreelaboratedivisionoflabor,thegrowthinthe,thegrowthofthetradeinintermediateproducts,semi-finishe,theproportionso’,Japan,SouthKoreaandothercountriesinEastAsiahavemovedtheirfinallinkofproduction,especiallythelabor-intensiveprocessingandmanufacturingindustries,,,high-qualitylabor,ChinahasconcentratedonprocessingandproductionandexportedthefinalproductstoEurope,ChinaagainstotherEastAsiancountriesan,China’stradedeficitagainstitsneighboringAsianeconomiesexceeded160billiondollarsandits,esin0-2003period,China’sbilateraltradewithASEANcountriestookarapidlygrowingshareofthebloc’stotalforeigntrade,whileASEAN’smaintradepartners(theUnitedStates,theEuropeanUnionandJapan)’stradevolumehasbeenrisingrapidly,,theproportionofitstextileandapparelexporthasgonedown,theproportionofmachineryandelectronicexportsh’sexportstructureandthepartialshrinkingoftheASEANcountries’marketsharesinEuropeandAmerica,othercountriesandregionsinEastAsiabeganfeelingagrowingpressurefromChina’’selectronicsenterpriseshavepassedthetraditionalstageofassemblyandproductionandbegunparticipaeirindustrialpoliciesandraisingtheircompetitiveness,theyalsohopetocontinsoutthatasthelargesttradepowerinEastAsia,ChinahastheresponsibilitytomaintainandstrengthenthenewmodeofindustrialdivisionoflaborandthecoordinateddevelopmentoftheEastAsiancountrieswilldependheavilyonChina’houldberespectedandChinawillbecomethecenteroftheproductionchainofEastAsia’smanufacturingindustryandwil,ifChinaabandonsitscurrentcomparativeadvantagesandpromotesimportsubstitution(includingimportfromEastAsia),China’s,Japan,SouthKoreaandotherEastAsiancountrieshopetosolidifythecurrentindustrialdivisionoflaborbystrengtheningintra-regionalindustrialcooperationandtofixChinaasthelinkofprocessingandproductioncharacterizedbylaborintensityandlowaddedvaluesoastoma,theverticaldivisionoflaborbetweenthedevelopinganddevelopedmemberswillbesolidifiedsothatthedevelopingcountrieswilllosetheiropportunitiestodeveloptheiremergingindus,Chinashouldworkoutcorrectpoliciesforindustrialcooperationanddoallitcantoavoidsolidifyingindustrialdivisionoflabor.ByLinZeyan,XiaoQingwenChenBoResearchReportNo023,2006China’ssustainedrapide,Chinesures,whichinvolvestrategicdecision-making,catchingbusinessopportunities,developmentofconcept,businessmanagement,handlingofhumanrelation,priseleadersinth[1]lists58typicalfeatures[2]whicharegradedinviewoftheirperformanceorexpectation:1standsformi,posts(enterprisefoundersormanagers),lengthofservice,nature,industryandmarketsituation(competitiveormonopolized),andmonewenterpriseleadersinChina’,indicating,showingthatthesurvees:first,thoserelatingtothepersonalitiesoftheenterpriseleaders,suchas"senseofresponsibility","confidence","tolerance"and"passion",etc;second,thoserelatingtothebehaviors,suchas"cleanandlaw-abiding","fairplay","practicingwhatonepreaches","keepingclosetieswiththestaff",etc;third,thoserelatingtothecapabilities,suchas"capableofsolvingproblems","havingstronganalyticalability","goodatplanning"and"properlyusinghumanresources".ThesethreetypesofcharacteristicsreflectthefeaturesofChineseenterpriseleadersduringthetraneTransitionalPeriodCredibilityandresponsibilityarethemostimportantcharacteristicsofenterpriseleaders(SeeTable1fortheresults)."Goodsenseofresponsibility","readytotakeresponsibility"and"goodsenseofmission"arethethreeitemsthatreceivethehigh’"trustworthy"and"extremelyvaluingcredibility",whichreflectenterpriseleaders’haracteristicsthatfutureleadersshouldpossessalsoincludaranteesforthesuccessofdomesticenterpriseleaders,"credibleandhonest"and"diligentanddutiful"arealsorequiredbygoodcorporategovernanceunderthemodernpedmarketeconomycountries,"Creative","daringtotakerisk","extraordinarilycourageous"and"innovative"stoutstandingcharacteristicsofentrepreneursandatthecoreofthespiritsofentrepreneurs,successfulChineseenterpriseleadershavenotappearedtobeinnovativ,thereforminthetraditionalenterprises,theyhavemainlyintr,theyhavemainlylearnedfromadvancedforeigne"stressinglearningbutignoringinnovation"refle,,traditionalChineseculture,differentfromtheforeigncommercialculture,,therehasnotbeenanatmospherethatencouragesinnovation.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByHanJun,XuXiaoqing,CuiChuanyi,ChenJianbo,YuBaoping,PanYaoguoQinZhongchun,,roductionincreaseforthreeconsecutiveyears,,thegapbetweeng,,soybeanproductionsignificantlylagsbehindconsumption,resultingintheneedforlargeamountofsoybeanimports;wheatproductionoutstripsdemand;theamountofproductionanddemandofricearebasicallyequal;ustdevelopmentofmaize-basedethanolprocessingindustry,thedemandforgrain,bothfromhomeandabroad,,theUnitedStates,amajormaizeproducerandexporter,hascontributed22%%in2010asmoremaizeandlesssoybeanandcottonareplantedin2007,,byaseriesoffactorsincludingtheriseofproductioncost,theincreaseofconsumptionandprocessingdemand,thecontinuedriseofgrainpriceininternationalmarketandthegovernment,,,thegrainpricewillcontinuetoremainstable,%,sca,themajorfactorthataffectsgrainproductionistheupwardpressureonthepriceofagriculturalproductionmaterials,,asaresultofrobustdemandfrommaizeprocessingindustry,thethreenortheastprovinces,nowproviding80%ofthecountrystotalmaizeconsumption,,,therearebothlong-termaswellasimmediateconcernsaboutthestabilityinthegrainmarket,,thegeneralgrainsupplyanddemandsituationwillundergoasweepingchange,ncreases,largelybecauseofincreasedimportsChinascottonproductionandsaleshavewitnessedadramaticriseasthecountry,%%,thegapstillexistsb,ChineseAcademyofAgriculturalSciencesandtheProgramTeamofNationalQualityScientificandTechnologicalServices,,swellastheincreaseofproductioncost,whichoffsettheex,,however,wasthelargeamountofimportoflowpricecotton,$,ayear-on-yearincreaseof43%and53%,theaverageCIFpriceforimportedcotton,whichstoodat$1,293perton,,Chinaimported248,000tonsofcotton,%,Chinaconsumesandtradesalmosthalfoftheworldnterestsofdifferentparties,,asingle,efficientandcomprehensivecontrollingmechanismisyettobeestablishedinChina,makingitdifficulttoidentifythebestwayandtimingforadjustingthecottonmarket,,butfarmersincentralandwesternChinastillfacedifficultiesinfindingjobsinneighboringcitiesRecentdevelopmentshowsthatthesituationseconomycontinuestogrowrapidlyinthefirstquarterin2007,sgreatemphasisontheissueconcerningmigloyeesin2007isexpectedtoreach985yuan,anincreaseof36yuan,%,incomefromwagescontributesaround60%,localgovernmentshavefurtherimplementedrelatedisestocreatemorejobopportunitiesforfarmersinneighboringcitiesandincreasetheirincome....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、vwin德赢EVO视讯用户至上博达官网注册Accordingtotheindicessuchastheproportionofoverseasturnoversinthecompany’stotalturnovers,globalresourcesdistributionandoperationalcapability,enterprises’overseasoperationcouldbeclassifiedintothreestages–internationalized,,throughitspreliminarystudy,holdsthatChina’senterpriseswithoverseasoperationarebasicallyattheprimaryinternationalizedstage,asmallportionofenterpriseshasstartedtheirtransnationaloperation,andofthem,a’sentelizedoperationsarewidelydistributedamongtheindustries,andsomehighlyexport-orientedenterprisesinallindustriesarealmostatthisstage,alindustries,manyenterprises’proportionsoftheiroverseasmarkethavegrownconsiderably,manyenterpriseshavetheirownindependentdepartmentsresponsibledirectlyfortheirexports,andsomeenterpriseshavetheirownoverseasm’senergy,steel,andchemicalindustries,somelarge-scaleenterpriseshaveinvestedinoverseasresourcebases,manyenterprisesareconductingexportandoverseasoperations,,telecommunicationsandtrade,somelarge-scalecompanieshavemanyoverseasnetworkoutletsandbusinessactivities,theirmainbusinesses,however,ibutedintheindustrieswhicharehighlyinternationalizedandinwhichChina’senthaveaccountedforabigproportionoftotalbusinesses,andtheyhaveestablishedtheirmarketingser,electronic,’senterprisesinthiscategoryareusuallyhighlycompetitiveonthematuredoverseasmiddleandlow-grademarket,,andtheamountanddepthoftheiroverseasmarketingandmanufacturingnetworks,asmallnumberoflargeenterprisesinChina’sIT,electronicandelectromechanicalindusbalresources,however,theseenterprises,Huawei,TCLandHaierintheITandelectronicindustriesandWanxiangintheautomobilepartsindustryareactuallypioneeringenterprisesinthemoveofChina’,Lenovo,TCLandHaierhaveallcarriedoutmergerandacquisitionactivitiesontheoverseasmarket,andWanxianghasbeguntomakeinvestmentoverseasfrom1992andhasacquir’sEnterprisesCarryoutTransnationalMergerandAcquisition:AnObservationandPreliminaryAnalysisTransnationalMAisanimportantwayforente,China’senterprises,especiallyforthoseenterprisesintheautomobile,IT,electronic,energyandsteelindustries,lytoobtainnaturalresources,andtransnationalMAbyenterprisesintheautomobi,particularlyMAactivitiesforthepurposeofobtainingnaturalresources,themajorityofdomesticpeoplecouldunderstandtheirmotivationsandconditions,,becausetheymainlytargetattheoverseasmarketandmainlyacquireintangibleassetssuchasbrands,channelsandRDteams,orinotherwords,softassets,peopleinCmarketshares,includingthehigh-endmarketshare,’businessoperationsbyChineseenterprisesisa"frog-leap",andthenormalprocessshouldbeexports→establishmentofoverseasmarketingnetworks→establishmentofoverseasplants→ionalMAbyChineseenterprisesismainlytoacquiremarket(clients,channels),andthenstrategicassets(includingtechnology,brands,localservicecapability,manufacturingcapability,intellectualpropertyrightsandRDcapability)andefficiencyoflargescaleproduction(synergeticeffect).ThoseMAactivitiesaremainlyMAintermsofstockandassets,butinessence,ghtrelationshipafterMA,andtheseniormanagementsfrombothpartiesjointlyformtheseniormanagementofthenewcompany,anditismainlya"friendlyMA."TheWanxiangCompanyintheautomobilepartsindustryconductedseveraloverseasMA,forexpandingandaccumulatingknowledgeabouttheoverseasmarket,China’slargeenterprises’overseasoperations,China’slargeenterprisesconductoverseasMAmainlyaimedatobtainingmarketshareandstrategicassets,andimprovingefficiency(SeeTable2),whichenjoythesimilarmotivationoftheITenterprises’,particularlyadvancedenterprisesamongthem,begintoconductoverseasMAbeforebuildingastrongerfootholdonthedomesticmarketThepreliminaryanalysisofChina’sITenterprisesfoundthattherearethreemajorreasonsforChina’senterprisestobegintransnationalMAbeforebecomingstrongeronthedomesticmarket:China’senterprises’certaincomparativeadvantagesinsomefields,strategicchoiceconformtothechangesinindustrialenvironment,andtheawarenessandentrepreneurshiptoseizetheglobalizedopportunities.ByLvGangResearchReportNo004,2006Inthepasttwodecades,ForeignDirectInvestment(FDI)hasmadesignificantcontributionstoChina’seconomicdevelopmentbyincreasingitsindustrialproduction,exports,employme’sdomestictechnologicalcapability(),however,,positiveeffectsofFDIonhostcountries’technologyadvancementaremainlymanifestedintwoways,namelytechnologytransferandtechnologyspillovers(ordiffusion).ThetechnologytransferfromTransnationalCorporations(TNCs)totheirsubsidiariesinChinahasdramaticallyraisedthetechnologylevelofthecountry’smanufacturingsectorinarelativelyshortperiod,butitisgenerallybelievedthatthetechnologicalcapacityofforeign-investedenterprises(FIEs)shouldnotbecountedasthehostcountry’sDomesticTechnologicalCapability(DTC).Besides,thetechnologiesobtainedbyFIEsfromtheirparentcompaniesareforthemostpartthoseembodiedinproductsormachineryratherthanthetechnologicalabilitytodesign,,onlythetechnologicalcapacityoflocalfirmsisregardedasChina’,technologyspilloversmayboostlocalenterprises’,whichreferstotheconnectionsbetweenforeignTNCs’,whentheemployeesofFIEsgotoworkforlocalenterprises,the,wheretheexistenceofFIEsintensifiesmarketcompetitioninthehostcountryandforceslocalfirmstoraiselaborpr,whichmeansthatthead,FDImayalsohavenegativeeffectsonthedevelopmentofhostcountries’,localfirmsmaybecomeheavilydependentonimportedtechnologyandreluctanttoconductindependentResearchandDevelopment(RD).Secondly,withtheiradvantageintermsofbrands,technologyandcapital,FIEsmayachievemonopolisticoroligopolistpositioninhostcountry’smarketandthereforerestrainlocalfirms’:ACross-sectionStudyQuiteafewforeignscholarshaveconductedresearchontherelationshipbetweenFDIandhostdevelopingcountries’identifywhetherthereexistsasignificantrelationshipbetweentheratioofFDIinindustrialsectorsandlocalfirms’,however,’laborproductivityandconcludedthattechnologyspilloversdidexist[1].OthersclaimedthattherehadbeennosignificanteffectsofFDIonthegrowthrateoflocalfirms’everyindustry,butaredependentonthetechnologicalcapacityoflocalfirmsandthemarketsizeofhostcountries[2].MostexistingempiricalstudybydomesticscholarsonF’sinvestigation(2002)on127FIEsinBeijing,Shanghai,ShenzhenandSuzhou,andWangChunfa’sinvestigationonalmost400FIEsinBeijing,Shanghai,Shenzhen,filiatesinChina,,however,’sinvestigationshowedthat58%ofthesampleFIEshavelocalsuppliers,amongwhich69%haveinfluencedtheirlocalsuppliersbysettingupqualitystandardsforthelatter,buyingsharesofthelatter,,morethanhalfofthesampleFIEsinWang’sinvestigationbelievedtheyhavedonelittletoenhanceChina’swithlocalfirms;overtwothirdsofsampleFIEshaveno(1994)hassetupacross-sectionregressionmodeltoid,explanationsofvariablesandhypothesesTheequationisasfollows:,,geographic,climaticandothernaturalconditionsandalsoculturalandhistoricalconditions,differentregionshavedifferentconditionsfordevelopme,regionaldisparitieshavebeenwiinthe1980sbuthavebeenwideningsincethe1990s(LiuXiaming,2004;LiShantong,2004;WangXiaolu,2004;etc).Since2000,however,,thecountryhasintroducedawesterndevelopmentstrateg,weneedtohaveafurtherstudyoftheimpactthesepoliciesarehavingonpatternsinChineseregionalaldisparitiessince2000,rman,CVcoefficient,Theilindex,,nalyzeindicators(percapitaGDPandpersonalconsumptionlevels)thattypicalledtoreflectthestateofregionaldev,andtherecanbedrastically,sincedifferentregionshavedifferentpricelevels,shiftsinfactorincomesandtran,regionaldisp,itcanbenotedthatthemaximumvalueofpercapitaGDPforShanghaiwas13timestheequivalentminimumvalueforGuizhou,whilethesamevaluemeasuredusingpersonalconsumptionshowsthemaxim,tofconsumptngfigureillustratesthechangesinregionaldisparitie,theGinicoefficientfellrapidlyascalculatedwithpercapitaGDPatcurrentprices,,th,regionaldisparitiescontinuedtowiden,,theGinicoefficientevendroppedsomewhat(onepercentbelowits2003level).Comparedwiththeearlyyearsofreformandopeningup,thecurrentGinicoeffici:Percapita,’spercapitaGDPinthestatisticalyearbookisbasedonitspermanentpopulationanddiffersfromhistoricaldata,sandsomefiguresareupdatedaccordingtoregionalstatisticalyearbooks.、DVORSource:,theChineseleadingenterp,aforeignleadingenterprisegenerallyspentseveraldozenbillionyuanonRD,,suchasHuaweiandZTE,lesrevenueonRD,,HuaweiandZTEhaveasmanyRDpersonnelastheforeignleadingenterprisesdo,about10,000~20,,intermsoftheproportionofRDpersonneltototalcorporateemployees,,,namelythepercapitaRDspendingofaforeignleadingenterpriseandthepercapitaRDspendingofitsRDpersonnel,aforeignleadingenterpriseare5~~6timesthecostofaChineseenterprise,thegapbetweentheCems,includingthegloballa,byestablishingtheirsubsidiariesinthemaincommunicationsRDbasesaroun,mostoftheirRDinstitutionshaveintroducedtheCMM(capacitymaturitymodel)andIPD(integratedproductdevelopment),,theChineseleadingenterprisessu,ZTEhasestablishedapersonnelincentivemechanism,whichisresult-orientedandfeaturesthetwo-dimensionalevaluationbasedonperformanceandvalue,themandatorydistributionofevaluat,,whichisorientedtowardkeytechnologies,,andtheirRDeva,theCh,andtheirevaluationovationtechnologies,ovationtechnologiesbyrelyingonthe"low-costandqualityservices"andby,theChineseenterpriseshaveyett,irstacquirepatentrightsfortheirleadingtechnologiesandembedtheirtechnologicalpatentsinthetechnologicalstandardsbeforerelyingonthepowerfulmarketforcestopromotetheinternatioationandinmarketforces,theyarestillunabletoestablishthemarketizationcapacitiesfortheleadingtechnologies.ByLiuShijin,,2007NeverbeforehasChinasener,Chinahasenteredandwillremainatthestageforquitealongperiodoftime,duringwhichtheconsumptionofresourcesincludingenergywill"climbup".Nomajoreconom,theshareoftheenergy-consumingheavyindustrywillrisebyafairlybigmarginandthe"structuralfactor"senergyconsumptionforperunitoutputhasbeenontherisewhi,theeffectof"super-largescale",,willsurpasstspercapitaenergyconsumptionisstillverylowwhencomparedwithinternationallevels,thetotalamountofenergyconsumptionhasfargonebeyondpeople,Chinahasmadesomeprogressinenergyconservationovertheyears,alandconceptualfactors,theprimarycauserestsmainlyonoursystems,,eventhoughtheyareinthesamei,whileChinaclaimstobeabigcountrywithrichresources,itspercapitalevelsinamajorityofignresources,butagrowingdependencyonforeignsupplyofsomeimportantresourcescannotbutcausepublicconcernsoverthecountrys"energysecurity".Forexample,C,resourceconstraintandespeciallyenergyconstraintareposingagravechallengetothesustainabilityofChina,wemusthaveacorrectapproachwhenobserving,,theso-called"resourceconstraint",a"resourceconstraint",senergystrategyandpoinoptimizingChinaoaloccupiesadominantpositioninthestructureofChinasenergysupply,an,withtheexploitablehydropowerresourcesaccountingforabout15%,Chinaspercapitapossessionofhydropowerresourcesisequivalenttoabout70%oftheworldaveragelevel,whichiswellaboveitsratiosforoilandnaturalgas(respectively11%%)andisclosetothatforcoal(79%).Chinare-investigateditshydropowerresourcesduringthe2001~thetheoreticalreserveofhydropowerresources,thetechnologicallyexploitablege,,Chinasratiobetweenthehydropowergeneratingcapac%,rankingaround80thplaceintheworldandstayingbelowtheworldaveragelevel(%).Itwasfarlowerthanthelevelofhydropowerresourcedevelopmentinthedevelopedcountries(50%~100%)andwasalsolowerthanthelevelsinBrazil,India,Vietnam,slagginghydropowerdevelopment,ersandcanprodundculturalsites,,irrationalplanning,designingandconstructionicalprotectionandonadoptingallmeasurestominimizetheu,weshouldalsoseethepositiveimpactsofhydropowerdevelopmentontheenvironmentandtheecology,forexample,inpreventingfloods,improvingthe,theconsiderablereturnsarisingfromhydropowerdevelopmentcanprovi"micro-environment","macro-environment"ofthewholenationaleconomy,hydropowerdevel,ressinhydropowercopowergeneratingcapacitycanaccountforarationalproportionofthetotalgeneratingcapacity,~,,,,missionofCO2,,coalconsumptionsavedbyhyd%.Sointhemicroeconomicsense,hydropowerdevelopmenthas,"cleaneffect"ofsubstitutingcoal-firedpowergeneration,hydropowershouldberegardedasacleanenergy....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Graph3End-of-periodChangesinBalanceofChineseRenminbiLoansfromJanuary2005toMarch2006Source:DatareleasedbythePeoplehandstableandthetrendsofpricechangesvaried(1)SupplyanddemandformajorproductsonenergymarkettookaturnforthebetterandpriceskeptthehighplaceInthefirstquarter,duetotheincreaseofpowergeneratingandthegoodwaterstorageofthemainreservoirs,thetensesupplyanddemandforelectricpowerwereevidentlyalleviated,,%,%%respectively,yearonyear,,%;%,beingapparentlyaccelerated;%,ices,inJanuaryandFebruary,priceincreaseofthecrudeoilandfinishedoilinChinaalwaysremainedatahigherlevel,%inthefirstquarter,,bytheNationalDevelopmentandReformCommissionaswellasbythepolicyofraisingtheproducerpricesinaproperway,%,%%,tionindustriessloweddown,,underthecontroloftherelevantpolicies,,ascoalproductiongrewfast,,coalstocksacrossthecountryhadreached130milliontons,,,%,%%respectively,beingnotablylowert,themo%%respectively,%inMarch.。

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